Wood carving is a type of sculpture that in the past has been used for religious and funerary art but
these days is mostly used for purely decorative art. Many different styles of home decor sculptures and garden
sculptures are made from wood.Wood carving is a difficult art to learn and people that are skilled
at wood carving can charge high prices for their work because wood carved sculptures are always in high demand for
home decorating. There are seven commonly used methods of wood carving. Each one is used to create a different type
of effect using different wood carving tools. The methods of wood carving are,
Chip carvingChip carving is using a small, sharp knife to remove small pieces of
wood to create a shape.
Relief carving is similar to relief carving in stone, it’s created a three dimensional image on a flat
This method is used frequently in folk art sculptures. Sculptures carved this way have figures carved in
large flat planes and the tool marks are left clearly visible. That gives the finished piece a very folk art
Much like an artist using pen and paper creates a cartoon caricature of someone wood carvers can use wood
to exaggerate and blow out of proportion the features of a person to create a caricature carving. Often these are
done of popular stars, historical figures or political figures.
A love spoon is a particular type of sculpture that has origins in ancient Wales. Wood carving was a
common pastime for men in those days and a man who wanted to marry a woman would commonly make her a love spoon.
Love spoons were ornately carved spoons made entirely from piece of wood that were given as a sort of engagement
Treen is the name for making useful but decorative pieces of wooden sculpture. Bowls, tables, clocks and
other items that were used as part of everyday life but are carved from wood with an artistic flair are very
popular today the same way they were hundreds of years ago.
Whittling is an ancient wood carving process. Whittling is essentially carving three dimensional items out
of a piece of wood, usually a solid block of wood, with a small hand held knife.